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Outline of the Project

Project Name

The Development of Basic Schemes for PRTR System in the Kingdom of Thailand



Project Site

Bangkok (Pilot Project: Rayong Province)

Date R/D signed

July 8, 2010

Term of Cooperation

From March 1, 2011 to February 28, 2015

Counterpart Agencies

Pollution Control Department (PCD), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; Department of Industrial Works (DIW), Ministry of Industry; and Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (IEAT), Ministry of Industry

Background of the Project


In Thailand, rapid industrialization and urbanization have brought about not only prosperity to the country, but also severe pollution problems. To tackle the issue, the Pollution Control Department (PCD), Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, has established environmental quality standards for basic air pollutants such as sulfur oxides and suspended particulate matters, and has been conducting monitoring in Bangkok and in the whole country.

As for measures to address volatile organic compounds (VOCs), Thailand has established environmental and emission standards for a number of selected VOCs through a JICA Technical Cooperation Project for Development of Environmental and Emission Standards of VOCs in the Kingdom of Thailand (February 2006 – February 2008), which assisted the relevant authorities in conducting a systematic monitoring of targeted VOCs and proposed environmental and emission standards of VOCs. The next step for Thailand is to provide comprehensive management of chemical risks and environmental information.

Meanwhile, there has been strong pressure from society for sound environmental policy, following several incidents in Map Ta Phut, the country's largest petrochemical complex, where local residents have suffered from incidents such as students and teachers hospitalized by unknown air pollution, and many complaints of unpleasant smells, with filed lawsuits against the government and businesses in the industrial estates. However, PCD still has limited capacity to understand the amount of chemical release and transfer in Thailand, and is thus unable to implement measures against chemical substances in accordance with the relevant environmental standards in a consistent manner.

From the above background, in order to promote voluntary improvement in chemical management among businesses and prevent chemical contamination and damage to the environment, the Government of Thailand officially requested the Government of Japan to implement a technical cooperation project for the development of basic schemes for PRTR system in the Kingdom of Thailand, by utilizing Japan's rich knowledge and experience in PRTR. The Minute of Meetings (M/M) was signed on April 1, 2010, and the Record of Discussions (R/D) was signed on July 8, 2010.

Overall Goal

Model of PRTR system for Thailand is established.

Project Purpose

Capacity of PCD and DIW's staff for implementation of PRTR pilot project is strengthened.


  1. Basic design of PRTR system in Thailand is established.
  2. Emission reporting scheme of industry is developed.
  3. Capacity of estimation of emission and transfer for point source is strengthened.
  4. Capacity of emission estimation for non point source is strengthened.
  5. Importance of use of PRTR data including initial assessment is understood.
  6. Importance of risk communication is understood.

Activities of the Project

Activity for Output 1:

1-1Preparation of basic design (basic investigation, sample investigation, selection of target chemical substance / industrial category, for implementation of pilot project, report of the implementation plan of the pilot project)
1-2Information gathering for the pilot project
1-3Preparation of action plan for the pilot project
1-4Preparation of basic design for PRTR system
1-5Implementation of the pilot project
1-6Preparation of implementation plan for promotion of PRTR system
1-7Preparation and presentation of final seminar
1-8Preparation of summary report of output 1

Activity for Output 2:

2-1Selection of target industry and size of industry for point source
2-2Development of preliminary reporting form and reporting scheme
2-3Awareness raising seminar for reporting form and reporting scheme
2-4Reporting form by mail
2-5Application of reporting scheme for pilot area(s)
2-6Collection and arrangement of reporting data
2-7Decision of the way of official announcement
2-8Development of reporting form and draft reporting scheme in order to apply PRTR for whole of Thailand
2-9Preparation of summary report of output 2

Activity for Output 3:

3-1Preparation of draft estimation manual for point source emission
3-2Strengthening of capacity for emission estimation of point source for government officials and relevant agencies
3-3Strengthening of capacity for estimation manual by workshop for government officials and relevant agencies
3-4Collection and arrangement of reporting data, and development of database
3-5Estimation of point source emission for pilot area
3-6Revised emission estimation manual for point source
3-7Workshop of factory for strengthened capacity of estimation emission
3-8Preparation of summary report of output 3

Activity for Output 4:

4-1Selection of estimation category for non-point source emission
4-2Collection of basic information of emission factors and activity data e.g. traffic volume, paint statistics, agriculture statistic
4-3Preparation of draft emission estimation manual for non-point source
4-4Strengthening of capacity for estimation of non-point source for government officials and relevant agencies
4-5Estimation of non-point source emission for pilot area
4-6Revised estimation emission manual for non-point source
4-7Implementation of estimation emission workshop for non-point source for government officials and relevant agencies
4-8Preparation of summary report of output 4

Activity for Output 5:

5-1Introduction of domestic and overseas case studies on use of PRTR data including initial assessment
5-2Utilization and possible development of model or tools for uses of PRTR data e.g. concentration model
5-3Implementation of case studies for use of PRTR data including initial assessment for target factory / industry
5-4Model training for use of PRTR data including initial assessment for both government and private sectors
5-5Preparation of summary report of output 5

Activity for Output 6:

6-1Strengthening of capacity for risk communication method for government officials and relevant agencies
6-2Implementation of risk communication workshop for relevant agencies, relevant local governments and participating companies
6-3Preparation of summary report of output 6


Input by Japanese Side:

  • Dispatch of Experts in the following fields:
    1. Team Leader/ Design of PRTR System
    2. Chemical Management
    3. Point Source Emission Estimation / Point Source Reporting System
    4. Non Point Source Emission Estimation
    5. Social Consideration and Risk Communication
  • PRTR Training Course in Japan (10 trainees/ Year, 2 times)

Input from Thai Side:

  • Office space and necessary local cost for project implementation
  • Counterpart personnel

External Conditions: Cooperation from factories and industrial estates will be necessary for the implementation of pilot project.

Implementation Structure

(1) Local Implementation Structure:
<Project Director>
Director-General of PCD and Director-General of DIW
<Project Manager>
Deputy Director-General of PCD, Deputy Director-General of DIW and Deputy Governor of IEAT
<Project counterparts from the above three agencies>

(2) Domestic Supporting Structure:
Ministry of Environment, Japan and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Japan will provide comments and advices to the Project.


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