The Healthy Municipality Project in the Northeast Brazil
August 25, 2003
Pilot area: 5 municipalities (Barra de Guabiraba, Bonito, Camocim de Sao Felix, Saire, Sao Joauqim do Monte) in the Central Agreste Region
From December 1, 2003 To November 30, 2008
Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE), Secretary of Planning and Management - State of Pernambuco
Most of the Northeast Region of Brazil is not as developed as other parts of the country. Infant mortality rates are high in both the countryside and peripheral area of metropolis, due to malnutrition stemming from poverty and rampant diseases originating from parasites and caused by the lack of public health-related infrastructure combined with poor hygienic practices of the population. The low level of education among local residents contributes toward worsening the situation. In response to these problems, the Federal University of Pernambuco developed a 5-year Public Health Development Project for Northeast Brazil in Pernambuco, with the participation of the Pernambuco State Government and project-type technical cooperation from JICA between 1995 and 2000.
This project demonstrated successful results in pilot areas, such as a reduction in the infant mortality rate. However, the Northeast region remains at a lower level on the health and social development indices when compared to the national average.
With such a background, the Brazilian Government has asked the Japanese government for a Technical Cooperation Project aimed at developing models that can build up the social mechanisms necessary for the improvement of the Human Development Index in the region, grounded in experience, know-how and interrelationships among related organizations such as local governments, as obtained through The Public Health Development Project for the Northeast Brazil in Pernambuco. The current project includes health as well as other fields of interest.
Overall Goal :"The quality of life of people in the municipalities where ""Healthy Municipality"" activities were conducted is improved in the State of Pernambuco."
Project Purpose :"Mechanisms for people and local government to develop ""Healthy Municipalities"" in a joint effort are established in the State of Pernambuco."
|1-1.||To establish a Joint Coordinating Committee of the Project and make it work.|
|1-2.||To establish an Executive Committee of the Project and make it work.|
|1-3.||To establish a Steering Committee of the Project and make it work.|
|1-4.||To establish various committees under a Steering Committee of the Project and make it work.|
|1-5.||To implement trainings related to project management.|
|1-6.||To make Plan of Operations (PO) for the Project.|
|1-7.||To secure multi fund resources which assure the Project activities.|
|1-8.||To monitor the Project activities based on PDM/PO.|
|1-9.||To evaluate the Project based on Five Evaluation Criteria.|
|1-10.||To enhance the environment of NUSP, adequate as a referral center for developing interdisciplinary and inter-sector methodologies that promotes ""Healthy Municipality"" in the State of Pernambuco and in Brazil.|
|1-11.||To enhance the environment of SEPLAG/State Agency of Planning and Study, adequate for developing public policy on ""Healthy Municipality"" in the State of Pernambuco.|
|1-12.||To make video, software, explanatory material, and so on, about the developed methodologies.|
|2-1.||To implement integral intervention.|
|2-2.||To implement partial intervention.|
|3-1.||To transmit the method and the concept of ""Healthy Municipality"" through news letter, home page, academic paper, etc. to the general public.|
|3-2.||To spread ""Healthy Municipality"" through a network for other municipalities over pilot municipalities.|
|3-3.||To transmit the method and the concept of ""Healthy Municipality"" through seminar, lecture, etc. to the particular people.|
|3-4.||To train human resources able to contribute in the diffusion of ""Healthy Municipality"", by giving an opportunity of training to the students.|
|3-5.||To spread ""Healthy Municipality"" through the State development strategy for other municipalities over pilot municipalities."|