Recently, we are witnessing more cases where wars, coup d'états and authoritarian administrations are destroying people’s peaceful lives and depriving people not only of the opportunities to pursue great possibilities in life but even their lives themselves. Furthermore, with competition among great powers becoming intense, it is increasingly important for many developing countries to establish a diplomatic environment that is not at the mercy of great powers.
Aware of such circumstances, this research cluster considers what kind of conditions in both domestic and international politics, as well as social mechanisms, allow every person to enjoy human security regardless of one’s country of residence. For instance, we look at norms and institutions, including liberal democracy and the rule of law, which are seen as universal values common to all humankind. Although it is an urgent task to reverse the global trend of liberal-democratic recession, it is important to bear in mind that universal values that are inflexibly defined carry the risk of being used by great powers as a weapon to attack other countries. Also, we will explore what kind of bilateral relationships developing countries are trying to build with great powers such as China, to secure their development and peace, in the face of intensifying great power competition.
Research Project (Ongoing)
The New Dynamics of Peace and Development in the Indo-Pacific: How Countries in the Region Proactively Interact with China
Today, many Indo-Pacific countries are affected not only by the continuous political tension between the US and China but also by other risks such as food security and energy shortage due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. These situations lead those countries to make politically sensitive decisions. How do the developing countries as JICA’s partners, in particular Indo-Pacific countries, observe and choose bigger countries to be their partner, and approach them?
Past Research Projects
Development Cooperation by Emerging Countries
In recent years, the existing order of development cooperation led by developed countries is being challenged. This is the result of an expanded normative influence of development cooperation by emerging countries, which is brought by the increase in the number of emerging countries providing development cooperation. In response to this situation, this research project aims to gain a deeper understanding of the actual situation and impacts of development cooperation by emerging countries, based on the results of the “Comparative Study on Development Cooperation Strategy: Focusing on G20 Emerging Economies” conducted from 2012 to 2014. In order to achieve the goal of the research, it is necessary to understand the diversity of emerging countries more accurately by increasing the number of target countries and conducting interdisciplinary and multi-perspective analysis.