In many developing countries, environmental problems such as waste disposal, water pollution, and air pollution are becoming more serious than ever with the progress of economic development, population growth and urbanization. Climate change is also a threat to the stability and prosperity of all the countries of the world and to human security. However, many environmental problems are caused by a combination of complex factors, and it is difficult to find short-term solutions. In addition, the issues often need to be examined, taking account of various aspects such as the scientific analysis of environmental problems and climate change, the design of legal systems, and the implementation of policies. Therefore, it is important to consider how to address environmental problems and climate change in developing countries, and to conduct research based on experience and data obtained from the field of development cooperation while incorporating the latest knowledge and methods accumulated in the field of natural science.

Under these circumstances, this research cluster is studying economic methods for adaptation to climate change and methods for environmental impact assessment in project development. Furthermore, to achieve the SDGs, we have begun research in preparation for policy recommendations on the environment and climate change for ASEAN countries.

Research Project (Ongoing)

Past Research Projects

Economic Evaluation of Adaptation Measures to Climate Change under Uncertainty

This study is intended to analyze climate change adaptation measures by applying the techniques that are proposed in the decision-making theory and economic theory with considering the uncertainty of climate change. Climate change is related deeply with uncertainties of various kinds of issues, such as in weather and ecosystem and economic system. The exact interpretation and evaluation of those uncertainties in policy analysis is very important.
Regarding climate change, there is a need for measures from both sides of the adaptation measures and mitigation measures.For long years, the main discussion point of climate change policy was on mitigation measures, but, it is becoming attention gathered in recent years adaptation measures. Although there is growing need for evaluation methods of the international climate change adaptation measures, and the discussion in OECD have been made, still definitive evaluation method does not exist. In this study, we take advantage of the latest knowledge of the methodology related to decision analysis under uncertainty, and make a study of the evaluation methods which can be applied to climate change adaptation measures in the evaluation of future JICA projects. The study, firstly discusses evaluation methods related to climate change adaptation measures in consideration of the uncertainty. And apply to case study "Kenya Mwea Irrigation Development Project (ODA loan projects)". Further draw also general and academic knowledge on climate change policy by combining the information obtained through case studies and a number of economic modeling techniques.

Research Term|2015.05.07〜2020.03.31

Conflicts and Cooperation in Resource Governance: State Control of the Public Domain and the Role of Local People in Cross-National Perspectives

This study assesses the way in which developing countries create different systems for resource and environmental governance in the process of economic development and the changes that take place in the roles of ordinary people during the creation of these systems. In general, an economic expansion is accompanied by an expansion of the public sector. In democratic countries, civil society development also is stimulated and clashes of interests over public spaces are intensified. Resource and environmental governance can be viewed as a meeting place for interests concerned with public spaces. Many conventional studies, however, lack a comparative analytical perspective. They either confine themselves to analysis of forests, water and other individual resources or they focus on only a single country, ignoring more generalized discussion of the impact on society of the resource governance process. Furthermore, many policy-oriented studies are limited to specific projects. Learning from these flaws, this study examines conflicts of interest over the distribution of basic resources that occupy key positions in the public space. In particular, it seeks to investigate how space for participatory development is created from the macro-political and historical-institutional viewpoints. The aim is to provide a blueprint for future aid involvement in environmental cooperation.

Research Term|2008.10.01〜2013.03.31