Malawi, a landlocked country in Southeast Africa, is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique to the east, south, and west. The 2018 census estimated Malawi‘s population at 17.5 million with 84% of the people living in rural areas. The economy is vulnerable to external shocks due to heavy dependence on underdeveloped irrigation facilities and low agricultural productivity. This problem renders Malawi one of the poorest nations in the world. The Malawi Vision 2063 is themed "An Inclusively Wealth and Self-reliant Nation" to drive the national development through to 2063. In line with it, the Japan's Cooperation Policy for Malawi aims at ‘Building a foundation for sustainable and self-reliant growth' through three main pillars of: 1. Promoting diversified and market-oriented agriculture, 2. Fostering human resource for self-reliant development, 3. Building a foundation for economic growth, taking into account climate change and urbanization
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