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North-East Asia Development Cooperation Forum 2019: Reinventing Multilateral Cooperation and roles of Northeast Asian countries to achieve SDGs (Day1)

Past events

Day

September 27, 2019, 09:30 - 17:30

Place

International Conference Hall, 2nd floor, JICA Ichigaya Building
10-5 Ichigaya Honmuracho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo[Map Link]

Concept
The North-East Asia Development Cooperation Forum 2015 was held at JICA Research Institute on Oct. 31, 2015

In the first decade of this millennium, the integrity toward the multilateralism was taken for granted under the notion of aid coordination. In particular, this notion was shared among OECD/DAC donors. In the second decade, however, nationalism and unilateralism at various front grew so fast and widely that the momentum towards multilateralism is frustrated. The United Nations and multilateral development banks alike face this challenge in their pursuit of global development agendas.

In the meantime, Northeast Asian countries emerge as solid contributors for traditional and emerging multilateral facilities. For instance, Republic of Korea has been allocating around a quarter to 30% of its gross ODA to the multilateral development system (core contribution) for the past decade. Amount of core contribution actually increased by more than threefold from 2007 to 2016, reflecting the increase of its contribution to the total ODA. Japan’s use of the multilateral development system has increased by 66% from 2007 to 2016, accounting for one-fifth of gross ODA (for core contribution) in 2016. China has been newly recognized as a lead provider for infrastructure building in the world through its contribution to the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the New Development Bank and the Belt and Road Initiative. Likewise, Japan has supported the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as the main sponsor for decades. Korea plays key roles in both AIIB and ADB, and enhances its presence as an OECD/DAC donor. Russia is also an active player of multilateral frameworks such as the Eurasian Economic Community and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Amid rises of unilateralism in many parts of the world, how can the global community achieve SDGs? On one hand, bilateral development cooperation in North-East Asian countries is facing the question of how to balance the national interests of individual states and universal goals such as poverty reduction and basic needs. On the other hand, multilateral framework established for specific groups or regions do not necessarily cater or are designed to cater to universal agenda such as SDGs.

How can each Northeast Asian donor (partner) country coordinate bilateral aid and its contribution to multilateral agencies to further progress in SDGs? Which concepts such as Silk Road, knowledge sharing, human security or universal health coverage are effective to appeal contribution of a Northeast Asian country as a driver for sustainable development of the world? In this context, multilateral development cooperation involves
- Development cooperation through multilateral programmes and platforms
- Bilateral development cooperation in alignment with universal goals (such as SDGs)
- Development cooperation involving multiple partners (both providers and recipients)
- Development cooperation through multilateral institutions
Those will be questions to be discussed in the forum.

Program

Day 1 (Friday, Sept. 27)

Opening session (9:30-9:50)
- Opening remarks (Ganbold BAASANJAV, Head, ESCAP East and North-East Asia Office; Izumi OHNO, Director, JICA Research Institute; Tatsufumi YAMAGATA, President, JASID)
- Congratulatory remarks (Masahiro TAKASUGI, Deputy Director-General / Deputy Assistant Minister, International Cooperation Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Session 1 (10:00-12:00) "Reinventing the role of multilateral cooperation of North East Asian countries"
- Moderator: Ganbold BAASANJAV (Head, ESCAP East and North-East Asia Office)
- Keynote Speaker: Tomoyuki KIMURA (Director General of the Strategy, Policy and Partnerships Department, Asian Development Bank)“Asian Development Bank’s Strategy, Policy and Partnerships (tentative)”
- Discussants:
Debapriya BHATTACHARYA (Distinguished Fellow, Centre for Policy Dialogue, Bangladesh)
Naohiro KITANO (Professor, Waseda University)
Yasuo FUJITA (Deputy Director, JICA Research Institute)
Xiaoyun LI (Distinguished Professor, China Agricultural University; Chair of CIDRN)
KWON, Huck-ju (Professor, Seoul National University; President, KAIDEC)

Session 2 (13:00-15:00) "Roles of Northeast Asian countries to facilitate multilateral cooperation: China’s approach"
- Moderator: Jianbo LUO (Institute of International Strategic Studies, China Central Party School)
- Speakers:
Xiaomin ZHANG (Beijing Foreign Studies University) "China’s participation in the International multilateral aid"
Meibo HUANG (Shanghai University of International Business and Economics) "Prioritising to the overlapped goals within Multilateral cooperation to build synergism of cooperation framework-base on study on achieving SDG 9"
- Panelists:
LIM, Eun Mie (Ewha Womans University)
Xiaoyun Li (China Agricultural University)
Shafqat Munir AHMAD (Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Pakistan)

Session 3 (15:30-17:30) "Roles of Northeast Asian countries to facilitate multilateral cooperation: Republic of Korea’s approach"
- Moderator: KWON, Huck-ju (Seoul National University)
- Speakers:
SOHN, Hyuk-Sang (Kyunghee University)
CHO, Wonbin (Sungkyunkwan University)
- Panelists:
Chuanhong ZHANG (China Agricultural University)
CHO, Hyeong Lae (Korea International Cooperation Agency)
Celia Manalaysay REYES (Philippine Institute for Development Studies)(tbc)
TAKAYANAGI, Akio (Ferris University)

Organizer

ESCAP East and North-East Asia Office, Japan Society for International Development (JASID) and JICA Research Institute

Co-organizers

China International Development Research Network (CIDRN), Korea Association of International Development and Cooperation (KAIDEC), and Russian Association of International Development Assistance Experts (RAIDAE)

Language

English

Fee

Free

Capacity

100 persons

Attention

*Registration is on first-come, first-served basis.
*This seminar will be recorded and photos taken may be used for the website, social media, and other print publications. If you choose to participate in a discussion, you are presumed to consent to the use of your comments in these recordings.

Inquiry

JICA Research Institute (Ms. Nakamura)

E-mail:ditas-rsunit@jica.go.jp 

Apply

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