February 28, 2013
“Inclusive Development” and “Resilience” - key components for achieving “Human Security”
The delay in the MDGs achievements may partly owe to the stagnation and regress due to external shocks such as conflicts and disasters. Capacity to cope with such external shocks is not contemplated in the current MDGs framework. Securing the MDGs achievement to be sustainable beyond 2015, and responding effectively to external shocks that hamper development are essential for the long-term development. It is important to mainstream the perspective of resilience, the capacity to cope with and bounce back from external shocks, into the post-2015 development framework.
External shocks that hamper development include (1) economic crisis, (2) climate change, (3) natural disasters, and (4) armed conflicts. JICA-RI has published the following research outcomes on these issues, which provide important viewpoints in considering the resilience.
※ "Evidence-based Analysis for the Post-2015 Development Strategies"
This research project plans to synthesize JICA's views on the shape of the next-generation global development goals, drawing on its field experiences and research findings done at the institute, and intends to provide some policy implications for the global debates on the post-2015 development agenda. Starting with a review of the MDG framework, targets and performance toward their achievements, the project will compile the evidence supporting the importance of incorporating and mainstreaming some cross-cutting issues - issues with which to govern the entire framework of the forthcoming development goals. Tentatively, we intend to focus on "inclusive development" and "resilience," as candidates for such cross-cutting issues to be highlighted, based on our preliminary analysis.