JICA Research Institute

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Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa: Inequalities, Perceptions and Institutions

Preventing Violent Conflict in Africa: Inequalities, Perceptions and Institutions

On October 18, 2013, the study findings from JICA-RI’s research project titled “Prevention of Violent Conflicts in Africa” were published as a book by British publisher Palgrave Macmillan.

Combining quantitative analysis with qualitative anatomy, the study examines the interrelation among three factors—horizontal inequalities (HIs), people’s perceptions, and political institutions—, analyzes the impact of the three factors on the stability of the state and the risk of conflicts, and gives policy recommendations to development practitioners and policy makers

The study finds: HIs can be a major root cause of violent conflict, especially when they encompass political, economic, social, and cultural spheres; People’s subjective perceptions don’t necessarily coincide with objective HIs; and a politically excluded group is likely to perceive its status as being lower than its objective status. It further points out that inclusive political institutions, both formal and informal, contributes to stable governance.

The publication is co-edited by the four editors: JICA-RI Visiting Fellow Yoichi Mine, (Professor of Doshisha University); Emeritus Professor Frances Stewart (the University of Oxford); Professor Sakiko Fukuda-Parr (the New School); and Professor Thandika Mkandawire (the London School of Economics: LSE). Contributors from JICA-RI include Visiting Fellow Yoichi Mine, Senior Research Fellow Mari Katayanagi, and Senior Research Fellow Satoru Mikami. Former Visiting Fellow Shinichi Takeuchi and former Senior Research Fellow Yuichi Sasaoka also contribute to the chapters.

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