JICA Ogata Research Institute


Literature Reviews

No.13 Out-of-School Children and Disability

This paper is written to introduce major discussions and literature on the determinants of out-of-school children in developing countries in terms of poverty, gender, child labor, conflict-affected fragile states and partly with focus on disabilities. Review begins discussing on trends and definitions of out-of-school children and further explores major approaches to the issue and empirical studies on factors to determine children’s out-of-school. Review of literature mainly focuses on empirical studies with quantitative methods. In the end of the paper, a summary of the discussions and implications for future studies are briefly outlined.

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