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Assistance Schemes

ODA Loan

Japanese ODA in the Philippines


Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) began in 1954 when it joined the Colombo Plan, an organization set up in 1950 to assist Asian countries in their socio-economic development.

Japan's provision of economic cooperation is based on the concepts of "humanitarian and moral considerations" and "the recognition of interdependence among nations."

The Japanese government provides ODA after taking into account the following four principles cited in the ODA Charter published in 1992:

  1. Environmental conservation and development should be pursued in tandem.
  2. Any use of ODA for military purposes or for aggravation of international conflicts should be avoided.
  3. Full attention should be paid to trends in the recipient countries' military expenditures, their development and production of weapons of mass destruction and missiles, their export and import of arms, and so on, in order to maintain and strengthen international peace and stability.
  4. Full attention should be paid to efforts towards democratization and the introduction of a market-oriented economy, the situation regarding the securing of basic human rights and the level of freedom in the recipient country.


Japan's ODA has three main categories:

  1. Bilateral Grants (Grant aid and Technical Cooperation),
  2. Bilateral Loans (Loan Assistance, generally known as "ODA Loans") and,
  3. Contributions and subscriptions to multilateral donor organizations.

Of the overall foreign assistance extended to the Philippines, Japan's ODA occupies the largest portion. In 2004, Japan's ODA accounted for 48.8% of the overall ODA to the Philippines.

The Philippines has been among the largest recipients of Japan's ODA. The amount of ODA extended to the Philippines was approximately US$ 272 million in 2006. The country was the 3rd largest recipient of Japanese ODA in 2006, next to Indonesia and Vietnam.

Yen Loan Program

Previously managed by the Japan Bank International Cooperation (JBIC), the bilateral loans are concessional loans provided to developing countries and the facility is part and parcel of new JICA schemes following the merger of JICA and the Overseas Economic Cooperation Operations of JBIC in October 2008.

Project TitleL/A Date
Loan Amount
(million yen)
Executing AgencyProject Site
Metro Iligan Regional Infrastructure Development Projet1998/09/104,328Provincial Government of Lanao del NorteLanao del Norte
Agno River Flood Control Project (Phase II)1998/09/106,734Department of Public Works and Highways-MFCP Cluster 2Tarlac and Pangasinan
Agno River Flood Control Project
(Phase II-B)
2001/05/032,789Department of Public Works and Highways-MFCP Cluster 2Tarlac, Pangasinan
Secondary Education Development and Improvement Project1999/12/287,210Department of Education15 provinces
Bohol Irrigation Project (Phase II)1999/12/286,078National Irrigation AdministrationSan Miguel, Trinidad, Ubay (Bohol)
KAMANAVA Area Flood Control and Drainage System Improvement Project2000/04/078,929Department of Public Works and Highways - Project Management OfficeKalookan, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela
Subic Bay Port Development Project2000/08/3116,450Subic Bay Metropolitan AuthoritySubic Bay Freeport Zone
Arterial Road Links Development Project (Phase V)2007/05/308,294Department of Public Works and HighwaysIloilo, Samar, Albay, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Benguet
Arterial Road Links Development Project (Phase VI)2002/03/286,723Department of Public Works and HighwaysSamar, Leyte
Rural Road Network Development Project (Phase III)2001/05/306,205Department of Public Works and HighwaysAlbay, Romblon, Agusan del Sur, Antique
Help for Catubig Agricultural Advancement Project2001/05/305,210Provincial Government of Northern Samar, National Irrigation Administration, Department of Agriculture, Department of Health, Department of Public Works and Highways, Municipalities of Catubig and Las NavasNorthern Samar (Catubig Valley
Mindanao Sustainable Agricultural Advancement Development Project2001/05/306,515Department of Agrarian ReformSurigao del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Bukidnon, Davao del Norte, Compostella Valley
Laoag River Basin Flood Control and Sabo Project2001/05/306,309Department of Public Works and Highways-MFCP Cluster 2Ilocos Norte (covering 11 municipalities
Sustainable Environmental Management Project in Northern Palawan201/05/302,034Department of Tourism in collaboration with Department of Public Works and Highways and Palawan Council for Sustainable Development11 municipalities in Northern Palawan
Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway Project2001/09/1459,037Bases Conversion and Development AuthorityZambales, Bataan, Pampanga, Tarlac
New CNS/ATM Systems Development Project2002/03/2822,049Air Transportation OfficeNationwide
Bago River Irrigation System Rehabilitation and Improvement Project2002/03/283,224National Irrigation Administration Bago, Bacolod, La Carlota (Negros Occidental)
Iloilo Flood Control Project (II)2002/03/286,790Department of Public Works and Highways - MFCP Cluster 1Iloilo, Pavia
Urgent Bridges Construction Project for Rural Development2002/03/2818,488Department of Public Works and HighwaysNationwide
ARMM Social Fund for Peace and Development Project2003/12/112,470ARMM Regional GovernmentARMM
Arterial Road Bypass Project (I) (Plaridel and Cabanatuan)2004/03/306,223Department of Public Works and HighwaysBulacan, Nueva Ecija
Central Mindanao Road Project2003/12/163,717Department of Public Works and HighwaysMaguindanao, Sultan Kudarat
Subic Bay Freeport Environment Management Project (Phase II)2003/03/28991Subic Bay Metropolitan AuthoritySubic Freeport Zone
Pasig Marikina River Channel Improvement Project II2007/02/278,529Department of Public Works and Highways - MFCP Cluster 1Pasig River from Delpan Bridge to immediate vicinity of the Napindan Hydraulic Control Structure
Pinstubo Hazard Urgent Mitigation Project (Phase III)2007/12/187,604Department of Public Works and Highways - Project Management OfficeBarangays in San Fernando City and Municipalities of Sto. Tomas, San Simon and Mexico, Pampanga
Agrarian Reform Infrastructure Support Project (Phase III)2007/12/1811,802Department of Agrarian ReformNationwide
Environmental Development Project2008/09/3024,846Development Bank of the PhilippinesNationwide


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