No.18 How has Rice Production in Sub-Saharan Africa Expanded? A Comparison of Growth Rates Before and After CARD Implementation and the Case of Tanzania

  • #Discussion Papers

In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the rapid expansion of rice consumption in recent years has led to increased production. It is assumed that the expansion of rice production in SSA is mainly due to an increase in production area, while the total amount of unutilized arable land is decreasing. In this paper, we first analyze the changes in rice production before and after the launch of the Coalition for African Rice Development (CARD) using the compound average growth rate (CAGR). The results show that, recent rice production in many countries has expanded at a higher rate and that this growth has been mainly driven by an increase in production area. We also analyze the factors that brought about productivity improvements based on the example of Tanzania, which achieved production growth through productivity improvements after implementing CARD. In Tanzania, a comprehensive strategy for the promotion of rice cultivation has been developed, and the dissemination of cultivation techniques, expansion of irrigated areas, and promotion of mechanization under this policy have contributed to improved productivity. Based on the findings of this study, many countries need to transition from the phase of expanding production area to that of improving productivity. To achieve this, it will be necessary to address issues directly related to improving productivity, such as irrigation improvement and the dissemination of proper cultivation technology.

Keywords: Rice, CAGR, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Coalition for African Rice Development (CARD)

Fujiie Hitoshi, Suzuki Fumihiko
Date of issuance
March 2024
Number of pages
Related areas
  • #Africa
  • #Agricultural / Rural Development
Research area
Development Cooperation Strategies
Research project