COVID-19 Vaccination Willingness in Four Asian Countries: A Comparative Study including Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam
Globally, 67% of the population has received at least one COVID-19 vaccine dose, but coverage varies across countries. This study aimed to compare people’s willingness to receive COVID-19 vaccination across Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, and Vietnam, where vaccination intention tends to be high, to determine factors associated with willingness, and to obtain suggestions for developing strategies. We conducted a secondary data analysis of the Japan International Cooperation Agency survey “Building Resilience: COVID-19 Impact and Responses in Urban Areas—Case of Southeast Asia,” including1842 unvaccinated participants from Thailand (n = 461), Indonesia (n = 246), the Philippines (n = 609), and Vietnam (n = 526). Vaccination willingness was high in all countries (69.6%), but the social and psychological factors motivating people to undergo vaccination differed among these countries. The highest vaccination willingness was in the Philippines, followed by Vietnam and Indonesia, whereas the lowest vaccination willingness was in Thailand. Vaccination willingness was affected by not only sociodemographic attributes, but also risk perception and beliefs, which, in turn, were shaped by social factors such as infection trends and vaccine policies. To achieve effective vaccination promotion programs, a system allowing the flexible modification of promotion methods in response to social conditions must be established.
This paper was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.