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ODA Grants

Types of ODA Grants

1. Project Grants

This is a type of ODA Grants in which the government of a partner country enters contracts with consultants or contractors to build facilities or to procure equipment and materials. It is mainly used for establishing foundations for basic human needs or for building socio-economic infrastructures.

2. Sector Grants

This is a type of ODA Grants in which multiple sub-projects are implemented in a flexible manner under a single ODA Grants program. When assisting restoration or reconstruction from disputes or disasters, prompt and flexible responses to a variety of rapidly changing needs are required. Therefore, this type of ODA Grants was applied to a project to support Syrian refugees in Jordan, and to a project for restoration and reconstruction after disasters caused by Typhoon Yolanda that struck the Philippines in November 2013.

3. Grants in Association with an International Organization

This is a type of ODA Grants in which an Exchange of Notes and a Grant Agreement are signed with an international organization to implement a project for the government of a partner country while making use of the expertise of the international organization.

4. Grants through Budget Support

This is a type of ODA Grants in which budget support is provided for a developing country for purposes such as the promotion of a poverty reduction strategy that is a comprehensive development plan for the country's socio-economic development. There are three categories in this type: (1) general budget support, in which purposes and expense items are not specified; (2) budget support for a sector in which purposes and expense items are limited to a certain sector; and (3) budget support for a common fund in which support is given to a special account opened by the government of a partner country or a supporting agency.

5. Grants for Human Resource Development Scholarship

This is a type of ODA Grants in which a scholarship for graduate study in Japan is provided to young professionals mainly working for public organizations in the partner countries. The aim of the scholarship is to provide expertise in the required area for planning and implementation of socio-economic development.

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