[Goal 4] Quality Education

We provide quality education and build a social infrastructure where everyone can live with dignity.

Objectives of JICA Global Agenda

To enable quality education, thereby laying the foundation for a society where all people can fully develop their talents and abilities and live with dignity, and in turn promoting sustainable socio-economic development.

Background and Challenges

(1) Current situation and challenges

School enrollment rates were significantly improved by continuous efforts of international community to improve education since 1990. However, 263 million children are still out of school, most of which are the poor and girls in Africa, South Asia and other regions. In addition, improving quality of education is also a major challenge, under the situation called as “Learning Crisis”. 610 million children and youth in school have not reached the minimum proficiency level in literacy and numeracy.

In addition, while enrollment in higher education in high-income countries averages over 75%, that of low-income countries hovers around 9%, indicating a significant gap among the countries. Moreover, universities in low-income countries are having difficulty in providing high-quality education and research. As a result, there is a shortage of human resources with advanced knowledge and skills to drive socio-economic development.

(2) Significance of Japan and JICA's engagement

Dissemination of quality education has been the basis of development of Japan. And Japan has supported the education sector of partner countries, with quality textbooks and teaching materials, teacher training system, and involvement of parents and local communities for schools etc.. Those experiences of Japan will help supporting partner countries.

In addition, in view of Japan's development experience and the roles universities have played, Japanese universities can continue to make various contributions to the development of pro-Japan leaders and the strengthening of higher education institutions in developing countries, which will also contribute to the internationalization of Japanese universities.

Focus Areas (“Cluster Strategy”)

Education has a lot of factors: policy, administration, budget, curriculum, teaching and learning materials, teacher training, school facilities and equipment, and involvement of local communities and parents, etc.. Of these many issues, JICA focuses on the following four areas leveraging Japan's strengths, and works on other areas by collaborating with other development partners to achieve collective impact.

(1) Cluster for improving learning through the development of textbooks and learning materials

For all children to achieve minimum proficiency level in reading and mathematics to overcome the “learning crisis”, JICA develops quality textbooks and teaching materials with ICT, as the most important tools for learning focusing on mathematics in primary education. Target countries include South-East Asia and Central America, and will expand to Africa and other region. JICA will also work on development of non-cognitive skills and improvement of teacher training.

(2) Cluster for educational improvement through community-wide collaboration

JICA promotes the "School for All" projects mainly in Africa, to build trust between schools and communities and to have community support children's learning, which is important to promote school attendance, prevent dropout, and improve academic achievement.

(3) Cluster for improving education for leaving no one behind

JICA supports vulnerable children including out-of-school children, girls, and children with disabilities, etc. to have opportunities for quality education, by promoting non-formal education, girls' education and education for persons with disabilities. Pakistan, which has the huge number of out-of-school children as a priority country.

(4)Cluster for strengthening leading universities

Leading (top) universities in each country and region that drive the socio-economic development of their respective countries will be targeted for cooperation to promote the development of highly skilled human resources through strengthening their educational, research and administrative capacities. We will promote JICA chairs at the leading universities and expand the number of pro-Japan leaders.