This study is part of a research project called “COVID-19 Study for Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and Resilient Society.”
This study aims to analyze the challenges associated with the core capacities of the International Health Regulations (IHR) and the Joint External Evaluation (JEE), and it is based on the lessons learned from the COVID-19 outbreak. The IHR is an instrument belonging to an international legal framework that requires countries to develop predefined core capacities to provide public health responses to pandemics. In contrast to countries’ self-reported IHR core capacities, a more objective external evaluation can be conducted via the JEE.
Countries in Europe and the United States that have scored highly on the JEE’s assessments have been severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, recording a higher death toll per capita. Thus, it is considered necessary to review the contents of core capacities required by the IHR and how the JEE can be improved.
It is necessary to prepare for various public health crises going forward, and it is expected that this study will provide insight into the IHR core capacities, the JEE, and how to further enhance infectious disease control in each country.
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