March 12, 2014
Shedding light on GBS, JICA-RI and DIE held a joint workshop on GBS in Tokyo in 2011, setting a common research theme “aid fragmentation.” They have constantly exchanged views, and started exchanging personnel in 2013. On February 21, 2014, both Institutes co-organized a Workshop “The Politics and Impact of Non-Coordination in International Aid,” where Visiting Scholar from DIE who has conducted research at JICA-RI, presented as part of the personnel exchange activities.
At the end of Session 1, Professor Inada, in light of the above three presentations, pointed out that “aid fragmentation” is a big challenge, raising questions on a wide range of aid coordination and on the relevance between European domestic politics and their BS.
Session 2 was held under the theme of “Aid Harmonization in Theory and Practice: The Choice of Aid Modalities.” Mr. Leiderer made another presentation titled “Fungibility and the Choice of Aid Modalities.” He introduced three types of aid modalities: Project Aid; Budget Support; and Aid on Delivery/Results-based Aid, which is a new type of aid. He compared the three with a focus on fiduciary risks, using a formal model. He concluded that aid modalities don’t differ fundamentally with regard to fiduciary risks.
Next, Mikami gave a presentation based on his and Furukawa’s Working Paper entitled “Is Country-system-based Aid Really Better than Project-based Aid? Evidence from Rural Water Supply Management in Uganda.” Drawing on the water supply system in Uganda as a successful case of sector coordination, he compared a project-based aid which is a donor-initiative aid modality that Japan advocates with that of a recipient- based country-system. In the case of management of deep wells in Uganda, the outcome witnessed that project-based aid was more sustainable than aid provided through a country system. He, however, pointed out that this does not intend to conclude one aid modality is superior to the other. The research verified that both aid modalities should be aligned with the sector policy and plan of the recipient government.
At the end of Session 2, Hosono commentated challenges of the new aid modality—Aid on Delivery or Results-based Aid—which Mr. Leiderer introduced in his presentation. Centering on aid modality and aid effectiveness, he pointed out the significance of setting inclusive and sustainable development goals, by utilizing the benefits of and complementing the three: Budget Support; Project Aid; and Aid on Delivery/Results-based Aid.
In his closing remarks, JICA-RI Director Hiroshi Kato stated that difficult topics such as development cooperation and aid effectiveness have been discussed in the political arena in the context of “aid fragmentation.” He concluded the workshop, expressing his appreciation that it provided an opportunity to disseminate the academic and empirical research findings through the joint research between JICA-RI and DIE.