Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction
Japan and its East Asian neighbors are considered success stories of economic development, having achieved growth in conjunction with poverty reduction. Infrastructure has played an important role in this process of development and is one of the major areas of Japan’s development cooperation provided to developing countries. Therefore, our research includes an analysis of the socio-economic impacts of infrastructure projects on developing countries. We also aim to review the concept of the “Quality Growth” and to form a theoretical basis for Japan to lead the international discussions on the topic.
Furthermore, we conduct research on the financial situation of developing countries, including an analysis of dollarization and remittances, which may have a significant influence on each nation’s domestic economy and people's lives.
In addition, we conduct empirical analyses of support for rice production and small-scale horticulture farmers in Africa to promote further development and poverty reduction in African countries.
Human development is the process of enlarging people’s capabilities and choices so that they can live full, creative and stable lives in freedom and dignity. Receiving an education, living a long and healthy life, and enjoying a humane living standard are indispensable for individuals, as well as for socio-economic development. This is one area where Japan can make full use of its unique know-how cultivated in Japan and through the experience of providing assistance to developing countries during the past few decades. At the same time, faced with changes in global governance, Japan needs to enhance its own cooperation approaches.
Key research topics include the history of Japan`s international cooperation in education, the impacts of studying abroad, and the acceleration of universal health coverage (UHC). Moreover, we aim to be engaged in the T20 Japan process to provide policy recommendations for the G20 in collaboration with global think-tanks and expand our intellectual networks.
Peace and Development
In today's world, various crises threaten people's survival, livelihoods, and dignity. These include armed conflicts, large-scale natural disasters, outbreaks of infectious diseases, and transnational crimes. There are many underlying causes of these crises—such as poverty, discrimination, inequality and climate change—requiring the international community to think and act innovatively and dynamically. From the perspective of realizing human security and sustaining peace in the face of imminent threats, we attempt to analyze the factors behind these crises in a more systematic way and explore effective approaches to address them through comparative studies of initiatives taken by diverse actors engaged in humanitarian responses, sustainable development, and sustaining peace.
Many developing countries face worsening environmental problems, such as inappropriate waste disposal, water and air pollution, along with challenges related to economic development, rapid population growth and urbanization. Climate change is one of the most significant challenges of our time, posing a severe threat to human security, stability, and prosperity across our societies. Addressing climate change is indispensable for achieving sustainable development. On the other hand, as these environmental issues involve complex factors, it is difficult to find quick solutions. While various countries are working to address global environmental issues, they face a range of challenges, including the need for scientific analysis of key problems, design of legal systems, and policy implementation. Such analyses are indispensable not only for individual countries but also for realizing sustainable development. We aim to provide a blueprint for JICA’s future environmental cooperation, utilizing the latest knowledge and methodologies in natural sciences, as well as JICA's own experiences and data accumulated through its development cooperation activities.
Development Cooperation Strategies
The domestic economic situation and the landscape of the global political economy have changed dramatically since Japan initiated its development cooperation through ODA. It has become ever more important to review the history of our development cooperation through objective and empirical analyses to draw implications for future development cooperation with partner countries. Another unprecedented issue is the growing influence of emerging economies on development cooperation architecture, which used to be dominated by developed countries. Therefore, considering such a transformation, we conduct research that contributes to shaping new global development trends and addressing crosscutting issues. We also promote research on Japan’s development experiences and development cooperation, as well as analysis of other development cooperation approaches provided by emerging economies.