Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction
Economic growth is essential if the poverty is to be alleviated in a sustainable manner since poverty reduction is still the fundamental development issue. In consideration of such challenges as widening inequality, growth needs to be inclusive, sustainable and resilient. In this regard, we review the concept of "Quality Growth" to form a theoretical basis for Japan to lead the international discussions on this topic.
Infrastructure has played an important role in the process of development and is one of the major areas of Japan's cooperation with developing countries. Our research includes an analysis of the socio-economic impacts of infrastructure projects on developing countries. In addition, we conduct research on the financial situation of developing countries, including an analysis of dollarizationand remittances, which may have a significant influence on each nation's domestic economy and their people's lives.
Furthermore, we conduct empirical analyses of JICA's support for rice production and small-scale horticulture farmers in Africa to promote further development and poverty reduction in African countries.
Human development is the process of enlarging people's capabilities and choices so that they can live full, creative and stable lives in freedom and dignity. Receiving an education, living a long and healthy life, and enjoying a humane living standard are indispensable for individuals, as well as for socio-economic development.
This is one of areas where Japan can make full use of its unique know-how cultivated in the country and through its experience of aiding developing nations during the past few decades. At the same time, faced with changes in global governance in health and education, Japan needs to enhance its own approach to cooperation.
Key research topics include the history of Japan's international cooperation in education, the impacts of studying abroad, and the acceleration of universal health coverage (UHC). In addition, we were engaged in the T20 Japan process to provide policy recommendations for the G20 Osaka Summit in collaboration with global think-tanks and have actively expanded our intellectual networks.
Peace and Development
In today's world, various crises threaten people's survival, livelihoods, and dignity. These include armed conflicts, large-scale natural disasters, outbreaks of infectious diseases, and transnational crimes.
There are many underlying causes of these crises—such as poverty, discrimination, inequality and climate change—requiring the international community to think and act innovatively and dynamically.
From the perspective of realizing human security and sustaining peace in the face of imminent threats, we will attempt to analyze the factors behind these crises in a more systematic way and explore effective approaches to address them through comparative studies of initiatives taken by diverse actors engaged in humanitarian responses, sustainable development, and sustaining peace.
Many developing countries face worsening environmental problems, such as inappropriate waste disposal, water and air pollution, along with challenges related to economic development, rapid population growth and urbanization. Climate change is one of the most significant challenges of our time, posing a severe threat to human security, stability, and prosperity across our societies. Addressing climate change is indispensable for achieving sustainable development.
On the other hand, as these environmental issues involve complex factors, it is difficult to find quick solutions. While various countries are working to address global environmental issues, they face a range of challenges, including the need for scientific analysis of key problems, the design of appropriate legal systems, and policy implementation. Such analyses are indispensable not only for individual countries but also for realizing sustainable development. We aim to provide a blueprint for JICA's future environmental cooperation, utilizing the latest knowledge and methodologies in natural sciences, as well as JICA's own experiences and data accumulated through its development cooperation activities.
Development Cooperation Strategies
One of unprecedented issues is the growing influence of emerging economies on development cooperation architecture, which used to be dominated by developed countries. It has also become ever more important to review the history of Japan's development cooperation through objective and empirical analyses to draw implications for future development cooperation with partner countries.
Therefore, in considering such transformations, we will conduct research that contributes to shaping new global development trends and addressing cross-cutting issues. We will also promote research on Japan's development experiences and development cooperation, as well as analyses of the other development cooperation approaches provided by emerging economies.